EXERCISE FOR TYPE 2 DIABETICS

The incidence of type 2 diabetes in our society is clearly on the rise, and is currently accounts for about 90% of all diabetes cases…with type 2, the body produces insulin, but does not use it properly. This is known as insulin resistance…it results in the same elevated blood glucose levels (as type 1 diabetes) which can cause the same problems of heart disease, kidney failure, blindness and nervous system dysfunction.

Individuals at the highest risk of developing this disease have a family history of diabetes, as well as cardiovascular risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle.
The good news is that a healthy diet and regular exercise can control and even reverse the progression of the disease.

With regular exercise, the body’s cells can respond to the insulin and accept glucose from the blood stream. And it has been found that through exercise training for every 10 pounds of fat lost, the individual has a 20% improvement in their insulin sensitivity.

The exercise program should include:

    • At least three to four days per week of moderate cardiovascular
      exercise for 20 to 60 minutes

    • Strength training at least 2 days per week, utilizing all the major
      muscle groups

    • Flexibility training should be practiced at least two to three days
      per week-stretching all major muscle groups

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information resources: IDEA Health & Fitness Association and American Council on Exercise

 

 

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